You might also keep in mind these additional tips:
* Unity and Coherence - your paragraph should all be about the same topic, without wandering around discussing many different things. You should also be as coherent as possible - use simple language instead of big words whenever possible, link your sentences with bridges (see next tip), and use logical arguments and facts.
* Bridges - you can link the sentences and paragraphs by using key words which you repeat throughout your writing, by using synonyms and similar words, or by following a logical argument and proceeding step-by-step throughout. Using some sort of order, such as chronological (time) or structural order can help link paragraphs. The reader can guess what is coming next by knowing how time works, or by following along as you describe items in a series.
* Development - make sure your topic sentence is adequately discussed in the paragraph. While it is possible to have a one-sentence paragraph, you will usually need several sentences to discuss the topic. Use facts, statistics, and details. Cite what other people have said about the topic (remember to use quotes and give credit where due). Give a timeline if possible. Give examples in a story or anecdote. Define terms and explain similarities and differences. Describe causes and consequences.
* Transitions and Signposts - you can use words and phrases to alert your readers and let them know what's going on in your paragraph. Transition words and sentences help your ideas flow from one paragraph to another, and contain phrases like "in addition," "another point," or "afterwards." Signpost words and sentences "point the way" to let your readers know where your arguments and descriptions are headed - a signpost could be a bold word or phrase, a dot or arrow, or even an indentation. Signposts are another way to "tell them what you are going to tell them" and "tell them what you just told them."
Here are some more contributions:
* Use a "hook" or interesting fact to make people want to read your paragraphs.
* The Qualities of a well written paragraph are:
1. Unity - when a paragraph contains one single main idea.
2. Coherence - when a sentence follow one another in such a way that the writer's ideas are expressed in a clear logical manner without sudden shifts or gaps of thought. You can add coherency by:
* arranging the details in logical order to avoid thought gaps.
* using transitional devices or signals to link the thought sequence from one idea to the next.
3. Emphasis - the principle of composition by means of which important ideas are made to stand.
4. Order - the quality that gives the paragraph a specific direction. It guides the reader's mind towards the point the writer wishes to make or directs the reader towards the understanding of that point.
*Supervisors* This is a teaching hub question designed to answer a series of questions about writing good paragraphs. Please do not delete the answers or alternate questions.
Modes of the paragraph? There might be a writing instructor out there that has a list of different "modes" for a paragraph, but that's not a term on which you'll find a common understanding.
The following information, though, is more or less the common understanding of what comprises a model paragraph:
0. A paragraph advances and explores an idea, often synthesizing a new idea through demonstrating a connection between a thesis and an observation or fact, or between two different points of view.
1. First a paragraph needs to state its topic: express in general terms the point that you'll be exploring. It's often best if you can state this in your own words and your own manner of writing and without referring to your sources by name.
2. Then transition to your specific and detailed discussion of this point, identifying sources or specific data or observations, explaining how and why you see them demonstrating your point. This part of the paragraph can be as short as a single sentence or as long as half a page (double spaced and properly formatted, of course). Be clear, and explain in full, even at the cost of seeming obvious.
3. Then you'll need to connect your point to the overall purpose of your piece of writing, i.e. the thesis. Explain briefly how this particular point relates to what you're trying to argue in your writing; you may want to restate or reword your thesis to take into account any new information you've raised in the paragraph.
4. Finally, identify what you need to discuss next. Given what you've just raised, what new point must be discussed. Transition to that new point and start a new paragraph.
4. 5 Or maybe you've reached the end of the discussion? If this is the last paragraph of the main body of the piece of writing, you'll need to transition to your conclusion where you'll discuss the implications of your thesis and what questions remain to be explored.
This basic model also applies to the introductory and concluding paragraphs of a piece of writing, but some other concerns also apply to those paragraphs:
1. The introductory paragraph should begin with a statement of the general topic or issue the piece of writing will examine, followed by a brief specific and detailed discussion identifying main sources or previous discussions of the topic or issue, explaining their connection to the issue and explaining and justifying your own approach. The paragraph will end in a thesis statement that explains what new perspective you have to offer the issue and how that perspective advances the current understanding of the topic or issue.
2. Some instructors ask you to use the detailed discussion part of the conclusion to review the points that you've covered in your writing. That may help some writers come to a final point in their last paragraph, but it is not how most writing is actually done. It may be better to think of that last paragraph as an opportunity to explore at a specific and detailed level some of the implications of your overall thesis. As I've said above, you should also end with some idea of where your thesis might require you to go if you were to address this topic in a future piece of writing.